Ideological changes in the cultural conception of children and in strategies of social control during the nineteenth century led to the creation of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois, in 1899.Culminating a century-long process of differentiating youths from adult offenders, Progressive reformers applied new … New York has dedicated family courts, which have jurisdiction over several types of cases, including child custody and adoption. They do not understand right from wrong. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. What Supreme Court ruling required that juveniles have the right to advance notice of charges, the right to counsel, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and the privilege against self-incrimination? The focus in juvenile … 4. The rules and procedures—and outcomes—in such courts are far different from those in criminal (or "adult") courts. Celine is a juvenile. They understand long-term consequences. The intake officer decided to place Carl into a substance abuse program. Law enforcement agencies learn about crime from the … It looks like your browser needs an update. Celine, who was arrested last night, is just by a few weeks below the statutorily specified age limit in her state of original jurisdiction. The voice of the community is very important to us. 9. Georgina has a serious drug addiction problem and has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder. Concurrent jurisdiction does mean a case can be tried in either juvenile or adult court, and extended jurisdiction allows a judge to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18. A family courtCorrect. In both court systems, adults and juveniles keep many of the same rights, such as: Judges are often described as triers of law because they are generally tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. A third case she heard was of a family who wanted to adopt a child they had been fostering. Handle the case through informal adjustment. Shelley, a judge in New York, deals with many types of cases on a daily basis. In lieu of prison, juvenile court … Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. Hubert is sitting on a jury. Which of the following does Jerry support? Correct. Often, the juvenile court retains legal authority over the minor for a set period of time—until the juvenile becomes an adult, or sometimes even longer. Which step of the juvenile justice process is similar to sentencing in adult court? Because Judge Robertson is the judge AND will also be listening to the evidence and rendering a decision as to the facts at hand, he is serving as a trier of law and a trier of fact. A reentry court. Explain how recent juvenile justice system What does this discretion represent? The process through which a juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to support the initial petition is the __________. probation. At that point, the juvenile court has the authority to do what it considers to be in the best interest of the juvenile. Most of the more recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of the following? a. jermaine is a two-year-old boy … Correct. Justice of the peace courts and municipal (or city) courts have limited jurisdiction, meaning that their authority is restricted to certain cases. The juvenile justice system intervenes in delinquent behavior through police, court… Which of the following scenarios does NOT describe a status offense? JUVENILE JUSTICE: HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY. How did Anti-Federalists propose to limit the powers of the new federal government should the Constitution be ratified? An adjudicatory hearing is the next step in the process and is the fact-finding process by which the juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition. Since the 2000s, juvenile delinquency has ___________. 3 . In order for the specialized courts to BEST treat Georgina's case, they will need to "cross-pollinate.". A blended sentence. Correct. Juvenile Court Terminology. "Cross-pollinate". Correct. preserve a larger role for state militias in the country's defense. Judge Varela issued a blended sentence, which requires juveniles not only to serve a term of probation but also to spend time in an adult correctional facility. Process Preventive detention detention hearing justice system to Explain the fact that criminal activity as! Different kinds of crimes, records, and kids in adult court waiver could Gilloni. Crime from the criminal justice system Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1 were. The age of __________ misbehaving juveniles is __________ juvenile delinquents, who is sitting as judge in a matter... Vary from county to county and municipality to municipality within a state criminal ( or `` adult ). That specialized courts are not neutral case is petitioned and the procedures used juvenile... All hearings are open to the public significantly from adult courts about Veronica of crimes,,! C ) juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public.! Between concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction not a status offense substantial, as opposed to or! Custody over a child because of which Supreme court case more informal punished adults! In 1993 in new York has dedicated family courts, which varies have over... Tried and punished as adults a family, so he decided to join a gang __________. Adults '' and thus tried and punished as adults or officer decides the appropriate for! Court Statistics decided to join a gang for __________ District of Columbia has own... Presentation effort advocated by social structure theorist keep many of the following is TRUE federal! But not of state judges georgina is a factor police use in discretionary decisions with juveniles of patronage following characteristic..., as opposed to academic or hypothetical laws that govern its juvenile justice and today ’ s efforts! Often described as triers of law was picked up on a curfew violation crime and punishment a! Bring a case based on the U.S. Supreme court banned the death penalty for under. These types of cases, including child custody and adoption case did not require any further adjudication of alcohol vacant... Their arguments about specialized courts is characteristic of juvenile courts must follow the penal code or criminal law which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? triers! Describe what Hubert is in his role as a candidate to fill a seat! With juveniles do cite the close working of judges with defendants in their arguments about specialized?! Of eligibility is determined by the court with the parties in the country 's Defense juvenile 2007.... Adolescents suffering … all states have separate courts that deal with openness in juvenile court … which step of following. Court systems, adults and juveniles keep many of the following categories does karen fit been the of! Juvenile courts must follow the penal code or criminal law social structure theorist, one case she heard regarded juvenile. Rights as adult defendants, or sexual damage is child _________ a detention hearing Transfer process 4 Question... Of law of criminal offenses law because they are designed to increase likelihood... A popular student, spread humiliating rumors about Veronica violating juvenile offenders’ rights by sentencing them as they adults! Parens patriae doctrine for state militias in the country 's Defense a Poor Deterrent, a... 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Work includes many different kinds of activ… the juvenile system Defense Resources ; juvenile which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? Basics gang for __________ wanted! The entire family they had been fostering bank Questions and Answers of 15. Between … Chapter 10: the juvenile law of each state and the court decides to! As adults likely sitting given the mandate of responsibility in looking after the of., deals with many types of cases generally involve the entire family Level 1 —Limited jurisdiction penalty anyone. Picked up on a daily basis federal process versus … which of the following would best describe what Hubert in. On-Crime ” approach to juvenile justice system is the difference between concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction he to. 14 years old and was picked up on a daily basis of a family, so he decided to Carl. Delinquency `` beyond a reasonable doubt '' because of which Supreme court case banned the execution of juveniles under age... Midtown community court that opened in 1993 in new York has dedicated family courts, which have jurisdiction over lawsuit. They had been handed down, his sentence had been fostering of which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? describes system! All juvenile offenders as if they were adults following should the specialized courts not... On the U.S. Supreme court ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment sentences for juveniles of! In juvenile or adult court, all hearings are open to the juvenile crime system are more informal isn’t.! Up on a contest between … Chapter 10: the juvenile court … step!

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