The average for most popular guns is around 12. Basecoats should be sprayed with a 1.4 to 1.6 nozzle. In these cases, it may be preferable to use only a single-stage urethane, and forgo the clearcoat for the sake of the color. So if the bodyman is running a D/A sander or airfile while you’re painting, there’s a good chance you won’t have enough air to run your spray gun – and your job will suffer the consequences. Actually, you’ll achieve the best results when you refer to the paint manufacturers technical data sheets for that particular product you’re spraying. Details about AUTO BODY SHOP SPRAY PAINT SINGLE STAGE URETHANE RESTRATION PAINT 12 oz.CAN. Quantity: More than 10 available / 76 sold / See feedback. Many painters also have a spray gun for primers and surfacers, another for basecoats and still another for clearcoats. But with a single-stage paint job, you should use only 2000-grade sandpaper and use an electric sander or buffer instead of doing it by hand. See that article in the September issue of BSB.). But now, with HVLP technology, you need to hold the gun 6 to 8 inches from the surface to maintain control of the fan and of the material you’re spraying. To get this feel, you must practice and become acclimated to your spray equipment and the products you're spraying. If you use a hardener that has not been fully mixed (single-stage paints without a hardener will probably continue to have difficulties), it is usually safer to wait several days to make sure the paint has fully dried. He works on business and technology topics for clients such as Obsessable, EBSCO, Drop.io, The TAC Group, Anaxos, Dynamic Page Solutions and others, specializing in ecology, marketing and modern trends. If you're using a full gallon of paint at a 4:1:1 ratio, then 32 ounces of reducer is equal to 1/4 of your paint … Single-stage urethane bypasses some of these time-consuming steps, but at a cost. I was really worried about using the spray max paint after using the interior trim paint. DIRECT TO METAL ADHESION. You can never have enough tools. Many types of urethane paints require that you paint your car in stages, applying several different coats that must then be allowed to dry before the next coat is added. The 1.8mm is at the upper end of sizes for urethane primer surfacers, and the minimum size you want to use for a poly-urethane primer surfacer, which can use up to a 2.2mm. Watch the latest BodyShop Business video. Air requirements for a spray gun can range from 2 or 3 CFM for a small touchup gun to as much as 18 CFM for some gravity-feed or siphon guns. Modern paints are two-stage, meaning they use a base color coat which is then topped with a clear coat to provide gloss and protection. Let it dry for 12 to 24 hours and, if a second coat is needed, sand the surface with 400-grit sandpaper, tack it and spray again. The information sheet I received about it says to use a NIOSH-approved activated Charcoal cartridge respirator. You don’t need a new spray gun (even though you may want one) to get the most from your gun and to create a great paint job. Wet sanding uses a mixture of wet grit and sandpaper to sand down these flaws into a smooth surface. Single Stage Enamel Paint Job Checklist You basically have a few kinds of enamels to chose from when you’re ready to go shopping for some paint. This is the worst part about painting, but thorough cleaning after painting is critical to ensuring your next job will go smoothly. If you’re spraying single-stage black in a home shop, you don’t have to worry too much about bits of light-colored dust appearing in the paint. It is also possible to wet-sand urethane before applying a clearcoat. Live the adjustable nozzle and the color mask was great. Most gun manufacturers include cleaning equipment with their spray guns, which usually consists of a round-barrel brush to clean the passages of the gun and the cup. He was using a very high-build product, but he said his body work wasn’t being covered and the primer was flaking off. (I’ll go into that in detail a little later.). This paint lays down great with great adhesion and coverage. Clearcoats should be sprayed with a 1.3 to 1.7 nozzle. NOTE: Performance is better when using DTM Primer under #8000 series paint. This is not part of the urethane process, but it is common even with single-stage urethane paints. The fact of the matter is, PSI (pounds per square inch) doesn’t matter at all. It is widely used in the automotive industry because of its durability. It also has the advantage of being a surface that can be applied over enamel if the enamel-painted surface is prepared first. Basecoats should be sprayed with a 1.4 to 1.6 nozzle. Condition: New. Pot life will be about 3-5 hours at 77° F. MIXING DIRECTIONS (4:1:1): 2.8 VOC I had a guy spray an old Bronco I had with single stage urethane in British Racing Green. Of course, you can have the same thing happen with a glob of old clear from your last job if you don’t clean your gun properly. The final step in achieving the best job possible is proper handling of the spray gun. Urethane is reduced with floetrol. Sealers and single-stage urethanes should be sprayed with 1.4 to 1.6 nozzles. The air consumption of a spray gun is measured by cubic feet per minute (CFM). Use a sanding block too, otherwise your fingers will drop into the contours of the panel. But some spray gun manufacturers go against this rule and go up in size – so be sure to refer to the gun manufacturers recommendation as well as to the recommendation from the paint company. Urethane Single Stage Paints When urethane paints are applied in stages, the last stage is applying the "clear coat" or layer of protector design to add to the sheen of the paint and protect it from damage. “Come on. Remember when you were a kid and you stuck a potato in the tailpipe of you buddy’s car, and it wouldn’t run properly? Never clean your air cap or fluid nozzle with a knife, paper clip or any other hard metal object that may damage them. At other times you run the risk of permanently dulling the paint, so always be careful when sanding. Then you need to check out, “Mattes and Metallics: Matte finishes and micro-fine metallic finishes present some challenges, but practice and adherence to manufacturer guidelines can help.”, If you can afford to have three spray guns, this is the ideal scenario. Item Information. Depending on the sequence of steps, wet sanding is usually advised at various stages of the process, and with a process that takes four or more coats you can expect to sand twice. My recommendation is that beginners and DIY enthusiasts who want to maximize cost effectiveness and minimize the time needed to spray a car use single stage paints. Even between single-stage and base coat/clearcoat urethane paints, some differences exist. A little fine tuning to the one you have may well be all you need. So what nozzle setups should be used for which products? Summit Racing's two-stage urethane basecoat/clearcoat system certainly makes things simpler, takes a lot of the mystery out of the process, and is … And I’m sure your wife or girlfriend would think that money could be better spent at the mall or having dinner and a movie every weekend for a month or two. You need to remove the fluid needle and nozzle as well as the air cap after each use and thoroughly clean them. Other considerations are your air hose and fittings. They’ve thoroughly tested their products and identified the best needle nozzle combination for each product. Even though your spray gun may only use 30 PSI of air, it may exceed the CFM capacity of your compressor. The next subject is cleaning. So what’s the key to a successful paint job? Times may be more or less depending on air temperature, humidity, air fl ow and other conditions. Inspect the pre-marked mixing container for any dust and debris. When urethane paints are applied in stages, the last stage is applying the "clear coat" or layer of protector design to add to the sheen of the paint and protect it from damage. Commonly, the paint used for for a single-stage mixture is urethane. When using a single-stage paint that has a chemical hardener, you will probably need to wait only 24 hours or so before sanding. Single stage paints have the color and gloss mixed in together, and this type was the standard up until about 20 years ago (although you’ll still find the occasional car newer than that with single stage paint). You should only sand your urethane coat to remove problem areas, such as scratches, ridges, bubbles or other problems that have developed in the paint. (It’s also worth mentioning, even though it’s not part of this particular article, that a great paint job is almost impossible without proper surface preparation. Every painter wants to turn out the best paint job possible. Apply single-stage urethane paints in two or three medium wet coats as necessary to achieve sufficient coverage, allowing 10-minute flash time between coats. Restoration Shop (AU) Acrylic Urethane Paint System. This will allow you to achieve a much smoother finish and lessen the likelihood of damaging the coat of paint. But don’t think you have to have three guns. Measure your urethane paint using liquid measuring cups and pour the paint into a large bucket for mixing. I asked what fluid nozzle he was using, and he told me 1.3. You knew I was going to get around to it. Many times, this happens after you buy a new spray gun, especially if it’s a different brand from the one you were using. Reducers help thin out the paint for easier misting with a spray gun. Tyler Lacoma has worked as a writer and editor for several years after graduating from George Fox University with a degree in business management and writing/literature. All dry times are approximate, at 70°F. Keep the sand paper very wet and keep wetting it. Urethane paint was first created in the mid-1960s, utilizing the newly-developed plastics technology of that era, to be superior to enamel paint in terms of durability. Urethane Single Stage Paint SUMMITRACING.COM 3 HELP: 1-330-630-0240 3 P P M ( C ( B ( B Summit R Mix i Summit Racing Low VOC Single Stage Paint Color Chart Add a ( Q) to the end of the part number for quart or a ( G) for gallon. Black SUM-LVS300_ Black Sapphire Metallic SUM-LVS325_ “My compressor puts out over 150 PSI. Then check out “Profit in the Paint Shop Series: Spray Guns.”. Allow suffi cient time for vehicle to cool down following bake cycle. What Paint Respirator should I use when spraying Urethane Paint? When setting up your paint gun, hold the gun 6″ from the surface and try to get a fan pattern that is approximately 6″ wide for spraying automobiles. Having trouble with tricky mattes and metallics? Also, gone are the days when you could pour the reducer to your paint, hold the gun 12 to 14 inches or more from the surface and hose it on – since the reducer would allow the paint to flow and level. Urethane Dry Spray is a problem that occurs during painting and it can be a result of improper chemical mixing or technique while spraying. Get a bucket of luke warm water and put a TINY (like a drop or two) amount of washing up liquid in it. He figured that with the primer being high solids, he needed a smaller fluid nozzle when, in reality, he needed at least a 1.7 nozzle. Some painters don’t hold the gun perpendicular to the surface until they’ve passed the end of the panel. Eastwood’s Single-Stage Urethane Topcoats may be force dried at 140°F for 40 minutes after a 5-10 minute fl ash. This will dramatically improve air flow and efficiency. How much air do you need?”, Want to read more on spray guns? Maybe you don’t have enough air to properly run your spray gun. There’s nothing more disconcerting than laying down a beautiful finish and when you start to lay down the final coat of clear, a glob of basecoat comes out and lands right in the middle of the clear. The problem normally shows up as a patch or section of the work and often happens in areas where you are not watching as closely as you should. The hardener allows the paint to dry faster and more crisply, so sanding will be more effective earlier on in the process. You ask a very difficult question, and one without a good answer. If you choose to use a clear coat, be sure to do any necessary sanding first, since afterward you will be forced to sand through the clear coat itself. Give me a break,” you say. I would like to use a half mask if possible. Others are designed for primers and other heavy-bodied materials. Having a dedicated clearcoat gun will eliminate this from happening. Because of this, the end of the panel does not receive the same even wet coat it would get from extending the gun the entire length of the panel. Clearcoat can be selected based on the ambient temperature at which it will cure. Complete Urethane Acrylic Single Stage car paint kit offers the greatest durability and gloss in a single stage paint system. AUTO BODY SHOP SPRAY PAINT SINGLE STAGE URETHANE RESTRATION PAINT 12 oz.CAN. Pour your paint thinner into the bucket of single-stage urethane paint, and mix … Can be applied as a single stage acrylic urethane or top coated with a clear . AU is a High-Performance Professional Easy-To-Use Single-Stage High Gloss Paint Coating System that is Designed for Overall Automotive Refinishing but is also used as a Fleet and Industrial Equipment Coating. Measure urethane paint thinner based on your ideal thinning ratio. A vehicle painted with black single-stage will appear darker than a vehicle with black basecoat/clearcoat. Mix only enough paint as you will be using since Eastwood’s single-stage urethane paint may begin to gel after approximately two hours (at 70°F). At the very least, you should consider one spray gun dedicated to spraying only clearcoats. Step 4 Pour your reduced paint into a spray gun and test the mixture on a piece of scrap. I know! Right guys? Pour the reducer into the bucket. Clearcoats should be sprayed with a 1.3 to 1.7 nozzle. Pro Spot Picks Winners of Big MIG Giveaway, NORTHEAST 2021 Rescheduled to Sept. 10-12, BASF 2020 Color Report Shows Shift in Auto Color Palette, A Conversation with an Insurance Claims Manager, Milwaukee Tool Introduces New High-Speed Ratchets, Autel Introduces IA800 ADAS Optical Positioning System, Dent Fix Introduces DF-DPR70 10-Ton Self-Piercing Riveter, Mobile ADAS Calibration: Understanding the Downside, Brand Integrity and the Value of OEM Parts, Driven Brands Files for Estimated $600 Million IPO, Mitchell Makes 2021 Predictions in Industry Trends Report, “Mattes and Metallics: Matte finishes and micro-fine metallic finishes present some challenges, but practice and adherence to manufacturer guidelines can help.”, “Profit in the Paint Shop Series: Spray Guns.”. So now you have the right spray gun for the job and it’s equipped with the recommended nozzle setup, but you’re still not getting the optimum performance. Refinish: Refinish: Separating Your Body Shop from the Competition, Refinish: BASF Opens Modular OEM Coatings Lab in Germany, News: Pro Spot Picks Winners of Big MIG Giveaway, Events: NORTHEAST 2021 Rescheduled to Sept. 10-12, News: BASF 2020 Color Report Shows Shift in Auto Color Palette, News: Audi, I-CAR Expand HEV, BEV and ADAS Training, Associations: SEMA Accepting Scholarship and Loan Forgiveness Applications, A CLOSER LOOK AT GAS-CATALYTIC INFRARED CURING IN REFINISH, THE POWER LIES WITHIN THE PROBLEM SOLVERS: THE IMPORTANCE OF TECH REPS, Effective Marketing for Collision Repairers. But those of you who have a bit more skill, or have use of a paint booth, stick with the 2-stage paint … Translated, this means that the average 5-hp compressor will efficiently run one spray gun of average air consumption. I recently received a call from a painter complaining that the primer he was using was spraying dry and adhesion was poor. Mixing Urethane Multi-Stage (Base Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Activator, Clear Coat Ratio 4:1 Paint/Hardener) Base Coat. Stay up to date with the latest BodyShop Business news. Use nozzle cleaners made from soft brass or wood to prevent damaging these parts. Pour your paint thinner into the bucket of single-stage urethane paint, and mix the solution with a paint stir stick. Sometimes this dulling is expected, and you can solve it by applying protective coats of wax as soon as the paint has cured. The type of paint we spray today includes Single Stage (spray and shine) , Two Stage (flat base color with clear on top) and TriColor where a third tinted clear is used between a flat base coat and the top coat of clear that protects the paint. For example, there are spray guns designed especially to spray clearcoats. 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