There exists another theory about gotra: sons and disciples of a sage would have the same gotra; it is believed that they possess similar thought and philosophy. In almost all Hindu families, marriage within the same gotra is not practiced (since they are believed to be descended from the same family). [5] For example, in the Krishna Yajurveda, the Saptarishi are identified as Angiras, Bhingru, Kutsa, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa. [16], In the 1945 case of Madhavrao vs Raghavendrarao, which involved a Deshastha Brahmin couple, the definition of gotra as descending from eight sages and then branching out to several families was thrown out by the Bombay High Court. [9] For example, Brahmins of the Kashyapa Gotra are believed to have descended from the saint Kashyapa. A possible workaround for sagotra marriages is to perform a 'Dathu' (adoption) of the bride to a family of different gotra (usually dathu is given to the bride's maternal uncle who belongs to different gotra by the same rule) and let them perform the 'Kanyadanam' ('kanya' (girl) + 'danam' (to give)). Brahmin Sages and Branches (Gotras and Subcastes) 11: In general, gotra denotes all persons who trace descent in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor. Reply. Marriages between different gotras is encouraged; marriage within the jaati is preferred. Aboti, Trivedi Mewada, Bardai, Audichya, Sachora, Chauriyasi Brahmin are few of Brahmin sub- castes … Jatukarna 31. The word "gotra" means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. His son was Kripacharya. She would be considered a parallel cousin, of the same gotra, and therefore to be treated as a sister.[9]. [31], In recent years, the Brahminical Gotric system has received criticism from feminist thinkers and organisations, who have dubbed it as a patriarchal construct which forces Brahmin women to give up their property rights. When a person says "I am Vipparla-gotra", he means that he traces his descent from the ancient sage Vipparla by unbroken male descent. Agastya 2. The term gotra was then frequently started being applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas. [15] The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad holds that Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bhradwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa are the first Brahmin saints of the Vedic age and the sole ancestors of the Brahmin community, and while this list is largely accepted within most Brahmin communities, the identities of the saints who form the Saptarishi in fact vary largely across Hindu scriptures. Replies. Panini defines gotra for grammatical purposes as ' apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram' (IV. Delete. [8], The Rigveda states that the Brahmin community is descended from the first seven Brahmin saints (Saptarishi) of the Vedic age, who, according to the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, were, Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta and Kashyapa. (2003). According to the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.2.4 Kashyapa, Atri, Vasistha, Vishvamitra, Gautama Maharishi, Jamadagni and Bharadvaja are seven sages (also known as saptarishi); the progeny of these seven sages are declared to be gotras. The Brahmanic system was later adopted by other communities, such as the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas[4], All members of a particular gotra are believed to possess certain common characteristics by way of nature or profession. Atreyasa / Atri 3. Similarly the origin of other rishis is attributed to animals, Rishyasringa to an antilope, Mandavya to a frog, Kanada to an owl. [17], Lineage forming an exogamous clan in Vedic society, "Gothra" redirects here. He has two wifes, one was a Brahmin and the other was Kshatriya. Another revered Vedic text, the Manusmriti, considers Brahmin Gotras to be exogamous units, developed to promote genetic diversity within the Brahmin caste. Retrieved November 09, 2020, from. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant. [15][22] The variation from the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad’s list are even more stark in texts such as the Mahabharata or the Brihat Samhita, with Atri and Vasishta the only saints remaining in common.[15]. [26] There is no fixed number of Pravaras in every Brahmin Gotra, the number of sub-divisions within a Gotra depends on the number of individuals from the Gotra that Hindu texts deemed to have ‘achieved greatness’. by Dwarkaprasad Shastri PAPERBACK (Edition: 2004) Chowkhamba Krishnadas Academy. Charora 15. [5] With each member of the caste believed to trace their lineage back to one of these saints, a Brahmin’s Gotra represents a means to track an individual’s patriline and thus indicate which one of these saints is their ancestor. [31] Some Brahmin communities also do not marry into their maternal family’s Gotra, believing that such relations hinder genetic diversity. The historical developments of various Brahmin castes are not clear, as the history of the caste system itself is unclear. What are 'gotras' all about & how Rahul Gandhi gets 'Dattatreya gotra'. [1] In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. [5] Translated literally, Gotra means ‘cowshed’ or ‘cow pen’ but the term has several connotations across Vedic literature. According to the vedic theories, the Brahmins are direct descendants of seven sages who are believed to be the sons of Brahma, borne out of his mind through yogic prowess. The Gandharva marriage is analogous to the modern-day love marriage, where the individuals have the liberty to choose their partners. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. by Sharda Pathak PAPERBACK (Edition: 2014) Bha I dontr know how come you have been putting rubbish and ignorance here and want people to believe it. [33] With the advent of nuclear families and large-scale migration, many Brahmins often do not even keep track of their Gotras while for those who do, there is little scientific evidence to authenticate such a claim. Retrieved November 09, 2020, from, Tripathi, A. As Gotra information is difficult to come by and has to be validated I include the Gotras I missed out provided they stand verification. Gotra, lineage segment within an Indian caste that prohibits intermarriage by virtue of the members’ descent from a common mythical ancestor, an important factor in determining possible Hindu marriage alliances. He is not a devotee of Lord Vishnu. Brahmin should perform Poojan of this stone everyday. [33] Therefore, many Brahmins in urban, metropolitan regions instead have chosen to ceremonially adhere to the Gotric system, using it as a marker to identify their paternal lineage but allowing it minimum influence in their everyday lives. Darbhas 19. Angad 5. The compound word 'sagotra' is a union of the words 'sa' and 'gotra', where 'sa' means same or similar. “Petition against Same Gotra Marriage Dismissed.” The Hindu. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. [34] India’s Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 regulates certain Brahminical marital customs but does not officially recognise Brahmin Gotras or the role they play in the lives of members of the caste. Bhargava 11. He belonged to the caste of Gujarati Brahmins called (Palwada) Audichya Sahastra Brahmin (Udichta), from the province of Surat. [6][7], Ancient Hindu scriptures such as the Upanishads and the Rigveda outline the conception and evolution of the Brahminical Gotric system. [25] Translated literally from Sanskrit, the term means ‘most excellent’. News18. There is no ablution for the sin of such touch. There are numerous websites describing this into detail. [13], With nuclear families and large scale migration, in search of job or business opportunities or otherwise, it is possible that one may not know his/her gotra. 'The Meanings of the Term "Gotra" and the Textual History of the "Ratnagotravibhāga"'. Context for the gotra warriors. Galvasaya 23. सरयूपारीण ब्राह्मण गोत्रावली - Saryuparin Brahmin Gotravali. Eight types of marriages are, (1) Brahma Vivaha, (2) Arsa Vivaha, (3) Daiva Vivaha, (4) Prajapatya Vivaha, (5) Gandharva Vivaha, (6) Asura Vivaha, (7) Rakshasa Vivaha, and (8) Paishacha Vivaha. [32]Therefore, marital customs often differ between Brahmin groups and often depend on which Vedic doctrine a group follows and whether it is followed rigidly. It broadly refers to people who are descendants in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor or patriline. [15] The Manusmriti states that after the death of a Brahmin man, any property he possessed must be passed down to those within his own Gotra. [6] Subsequently, the Chandogaya Upanishad, another Hindu text written in the 7th century BCE, defines a Gotra as a mechanism through which the paternal lineage of an individual could be traced and identified while according to ancient Sanskrit linguist Panini, in his Astadhyayi, the term is equated with the word ‘progeny’. [20]According to the Bhagavad Gita, individuals consistently exhibiting ‘traditionally Brahmin’ qualities such as patience, restraint, integrity and knowledge could, should they choose so, be absorbed into the Brahmin Varna, regardless of whichever Varna they were born into. – Video explains in Gujrati. 1-34. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBrough1947 (, Choudhary, R., Here, P., -, M., -, Z., & -, P. (2018, November 28). The first four types of marriages reflect the paradigm behind arranged marriages. Gotra and Kuldevi List of Aadigaur / Aadigaud Brahmin Samaj: According to “Brahmanotpatti Marttanda”, Maharshi “Galav” is the originator of Aadigaur Community. “Change Law to Ban All Same-Gotra Marriage: Khaps: Gurgaon News - Times of India,” Accessed September 4 2020. [14], While the gotras are almost universally used for determining excluding marriages that would be traditionally incestuous, they are not legally recognized as such, although those within "degrees of prohibited relationship" or are "sapinda" are not permitted to marry. Register to find your life partner. In this sense, Lord Rama did not have a Gotra, and in rituals his Gotra would be the Gotra of his Brahmin … Please ignore this . सरयूपारीण ब्राह्मण-परिचय - Introduction to Saryuparin Brahmin . Retrieved November 09, 2020, from, Pande, M. (2018, December 06). They can be Saraswat brahmins as well. All these brahmin Gotras are not always Gaur. Recently, the term "gotra"has taken broader meanings to include any lineage, Brahmin or otherwise. Chikitasa 16. Brahmin Sages and Branches (Gotras and Subcastes) gotra; Marriage Ceremonies This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 13:16 (UTC). [12] With Gotras designed to prevent endogamous marriages within the fairly small early Brahmin community, any sexual or marital relations between individuals from the same Gotra were regarded as incestuous and forbidden, and only inter-Gotra marriages allowed. The court also said material in the Hindu texts is so vast and full of contradictions that it is a near-impossible task to reduce it to order and coherence. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brahmin_gotra&oldid=996941770, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 07:53. Kripacharya had two sons, the name of the younger son was ‘Shakti’. Join Free & Add your profile Now! Aupamanyava 8. People within the gotra are regarded as siblings and marrying such a person would be taboo. Marriages within the gotra ('sagotra' marriages) are not permitted under the rule of exogamy in the traditional matrimonial system. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 04:15. Alambani 4. [28] Furthermore, Vedic Hindu literature varies greatly on the exact rules that govern a Gotra’s influence on Brahmin marriages. Gaubhilya 26. “What Does the Law, Vedas and Legend Say About Gotra?” Accessed September 4 2020. Generally the gotra forms an exogamous unit, with the marriage within the same gotra being prohibited by custom, being regarded as incest. [4] A Gotra represents the lineage of an individual saint and a Brahmin’s Gotra denotes which of these saints is their ancestor. Unknown February 24, 2017 at 7:31 AM. North Indian Hindu society not only follows the rules of gotra for marriages, but also has many regulations which go beyond the basic definition of gotra and has a broader definition of incest. [32] Unlike the Rigveda, the Manusmriti permits sagotri marriages, if a marriage is between two individuals who are separated by at least six generations from a common paternal ancestor. Bharadwaj 10. The court called the idea of Brahmin families descending from an unbroken line of common ancestors as indicated by the names of their respective gotras "impossible to accept." Greatly on the exact rules that govern a Gotra relates directly to the ganas and to the Kshatriya varna but. Despite this historical importance, the word Gotra is addressed by the 'sa... For five sages, it is sapta-rishaye primitive tribes, but occurs also in Hindu castes broadly... Classes, that caste-based surnames generally fall under was a Brahmin and the Textual history the. 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