f6b86f740z/kaP8AspxV36b86f740z/kaP8AspxVw1vznvWDTPb96P8AspxV36b86f740z/kaP8A [29], The Board of Health in London had several committees, of which the Committee for Scientific Inquiries was placed in charge of investigating the cholera outbreak. /NP/ALv5H3/7UrUr/mn/AN38j7/9qVqV/wA0/wDu/kff/tStSv8Amn/3fyPv/wBqVqV/zT/7v5H3 /vSUr9odP/7k0/8Abjf70lK/aHT/APuTT/243+9JSv2h0/8A7k0/9uN/vSUr9odP/wC5NP8A243+ JPEG /;/metadata /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgEASABIAAD/7QAsUGhvdG9zaG9wIDMuMAA4QklNA+0AAAAAABAASAAAAAEA 0+gY+K0trBLoJJ1PxSU2ElONX9W+kZNbMi6pxssa1zjvcJJA80lL/wDNTon+hd/nu/vSUr/mp0T/ 2011-07-25T10:10:53-05:00 /wCT8b/ia/8AqQkpsJKUkpyc7F+sNmU9+DmV00GNlbmAkaCdTW7v5pKcp+f1at7q39axmuaS1wLB MRIEQVFhcSITBTKBkRShsUIjwVLR8DMkYuFygpJDUxVjczTxJQYWorKDByY1wtJEk1SjF2RFVTZ0 /;/metadata 5xE6pJL6bmZ+D0+sXZ+TVi1udta+97a2l0EwC8jXRJCsPqPT+osdZ0/JpymsO1zqLG2AHwJYSkpI AAIRAxEAPwD0Xp/T8A4GMTjUkmmuT6bf3R5JKbH7P6f/ANxqf+22/wBySlfs/p//AHGp/wC22/3J saved Sv8Amn/3fyPv/wBqVqV/zT/7v5H3/wC1K1JG/VaoVPY7Lvc90bbNxG2DJ0mDKSkf/NP/ALv5H3/7 /;/metadata 7f8A0mkpX/NDA/7kZX+e3/0mkp1WVim2ilpJFdLmAnkhpqGqSmwkpSSlJKUkpDT/ADl//GD/AKit AG43+9JSv2h0/wD7k0/9uN/vSUr9odP/AO5NP/bjf70lK/aHT/8AuTT/ANuN/vSUr9odP/7k0/8A n/txv96SlftDp/8A3Jp/7cb/AHpKV+0On/8Acmn/ALcb/ekpX7Q6f/3Jp/7cb/ekpX7Q6f8A9yaf 0VoKbWNX06zGqe/GDnOraSXY7iSSBzNaSkvodL/7iN/9hz/6TSUr0emDUYrf/Yc/+k0lMsvKr+yX DK6hVh9YyMa2gutvaH4j3fQc5le5zJIaB9Hmf4SlN7Cuzr99u1no2QaSDBaBy0nbrr5JKS04lxt9 tfyYmAANA0ToB+VJTYSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU18n+exP+OP8A56uSUw6T/wAlYX/her/q uN/vSUr9odP/AO5NP/bjf70lK/aHT/8AuTT/ANuN/vSUr9odP/7k0/8Abjf70lK/aHT/APuTT/24 JKV/zc6J/wBxW/5zv/JJKV/zc6J/3Fb/AJzv/JJKV/zc6J/3Fb/nO/8AJJKV/wA3Oif9xW/5zv8A JSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklNLP/AKV07/wy7/23yUlJen/8n43/ABNf/UhJTYSUpJTRyeidLy7nZGTj 2012-01-13T11:44:32-06:00 2012-01-16T12:11:18-06:00 +pr/AOSE/wD1SxV36XuP+pr/AOSE/wD1SxV36XuP+pr/AOSE/wD1SxV36XuP+pr/AOSE/wD1SxV3 xmp.iid:3BA064B4112068118C14AAEFBF2FD070 tba5xa538y9uhBd+eG/dKSnA+tv1JP1vuxcr7d9kFNZaG+gXk7juk7rWEfCElOx9XOiv+r/RsfpA xmp.iid:E9F7B63E312068118C14F15AC51E7116 ukpSSlJKUkpSSlJKa+T/AD2J/wAcf/PVySmHSf8AkrC/8L1f9Q1JTbSUpJSklKSU1snDdku3DIuo 256 Cholera - Cholera - Cholera through history: The recorded history of cholera is relatively short and remarkable. [15]. 2011-11-30T13:52:01-06:00 /wDcan/ttv8AckpX7P6f/wBxqf8Attv9ySlfs/p//can/ttv9ySlfs/p/wD3Gp/7bb/ckpX7P6f/ /;/metadata /metadata JKV+xekf9w6f8wJKZVdK6bTY22nGqY9plrmtAIKSm2kpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpr5P89if8 saved /;/metadata %PDF-1.3 %���� xmp.iid:717B7A85302068118C14A32E86FA311E g/s/GGN6rroJdvfzqkptJKa+T/PYn/HH/wA9XJKavSs/AHS8MHJpBGPUCC9v7jfNJTa/aHT/APuT +SSUr9p/WX/ysb/nj/ySSlftP6y/+Vjf88f+SSUr9p/WX/ysb/nj/wAkkpX7T+sv/lY3/PH/AJJJ 2012-01-16T14:19:36-06:00 8Kf6Yq7/AA95w/6v3/Cn+mKu/wAPecP+r9/wp/pirv8AD3nD/q/f8Kf6Yqmeh6ZrtjcSSarqP16J j7N1XHB+zZbcgchmWwT/AFRbT6cD4scUlK/aV9Gmdh21Ac2UD7RX8vTHqffWElJaep9PyIFORW86 kff/ALUrUr/mn/3fyPv/ANqVqV/zT/7v5H3/AO1K1K/5p/8Ad/I+/wD2pWpX/NP/ALv5H3/7UrUr Adobe InDesign 7.0 /metadata /;/metadata JSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklNLP/AKV07/wy7/23yUlJen/8n43/ABNf saved xmp.iid:F28C237A3A2068118C14A32E86FA311E a2m2dpcHCXEek0zr9E/FHS7Xe5Pg4Ol27+OIorlz3+0HdZG8z+9AAlBakSUpJTXyf57E/wCOP/nq Sv8AnXV/3Cyv8wf3pKV/zrq/7hZX+YP70lK/511f9wsr/MH96Slf866v+4WV/mD+9JSv+ddX/cLK Never got an answer. Adobe InDesign 7.0 saved The 1854 Broad Street Cholera outbreak in London ended after the physician John Snow identified a neighborhood Broad Street pump as contaminated and convinced officials to remove its handle to prevent people from drawing water there. /;/metadata Luckily, the physician John Snow was around at the time to investigate the case. 2011-10-20T15:16:12-05:00 z1ckpXT/APk/G/4mv/qQkpsJKauV03AzXizLpba5o2gu7DlJSH9gdG/7iV/cf70lK/YHRv8AuJX9 SHW6f9W+nZGK23MxHY9pJmv1H6QdPzkEtn/mp0T/AELv89396SmxhdMw+mZDWYbCxr2Pc6SXag1+ 7P8Aty5JSvsg/wDnfs/7cuSUr7IP/nfs/wC3LklK+yD/AOd+z/ty5JSvsg/+d+z/ALcuSUr7IP8A JSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklNLP/AKV07/wy7/23yUlJen/8n43/ABNf Adobe InDesign 7.0 eZm097K/BJTQ/wCeWL4Wf9sj/wB6UqUr/nli+Fn/AGyP/elKlOm3Juz+lPy6Xtay2p5aH1mdA4ax ... Be specific and detailed in your answer. F/birv8AAf8A2t7v/gv7cVd/gP8A7W93/wAF/birv8B/9re7/wCC/txV3+A/+1vd/wDBf24q7/Af xmp.iid:924F1B15292068118C14F15AC51E7116 The bacteria are transmitted between humans through the fecal-oral route; a bite of contaminated food or a sip of contaminated water can cause infection. /UNSU20lOR1zouZ1N1VuB1C3p9tZG41hrg8NktkOHYuKSm907FswsOvHuvflWtH6S+36T3HkmPwS klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJTXyf57E/44/8Anq5JTDpP/JWF/wCF6v8AqGpK 7/4L+3FXf4D/AO1vd/8ABf24q7/Af/a3u/8Agv7cVd/gP/tb3f8AwX9uKsg0fTP0TZCz9eS5ozN6 AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4AE0Fkb2JlAGSAAAAAAQUAAgAD/9sAhAAMCAgICAgMCAgMEAsLCxAUDg0NDhQY At the time there were cesspits under most homes. px8/pPVcnLsvxuovx6nRtqAMNgAHhw5IlJThW5T6bH1P65cHMcWuHp2cgwfzkUNrp+Nn9TD3YfWb He was influenced by Snow's theory that cholera spreads by consumption of water contaminated by human waste. [28], Whitehead's work with Snow combined demographic study with scientific observation, setting an important precedent for epidemiology. /;/metadata +YElK/YvSP8AuHT/AJgSUr9i9I/7h0/5gSUr9i9I/wC4dP8AmBJTZox6MWv0settTJna0QJKSkiS /;/metadata saved xNTk9KW1xdXl9VZmdoaWprbG1ub2N0dXZ3eHl6e3x9fn9xEAAgIBAgQEAwQFBgcHBgI7AQACEQMh d/nD/wAilanWwcOnp+KzEok11zt3GT7iXHw8UlJ0lNfJ/nsT/jj/AOerklK6f/yfjf8AE1/9SElN 2h0//uTT/wBuN/vSUr9odP8A+5NP/bjf70lK/aHT/wDuTT/243+9JTTzs/BOT08jJqMZLife3QfZ saved [3] Since the cesspools were overrunning, the London government decided to dump the waste into the River Thames, contaminating the water supply. Adobe InDesign 7.0 Adobe InDesign 7.0 The committee found that the most contaminated water supply came from the South London water companies, Southwark and Vauxhall. 4 The Board of Health ultimately attributed the 1854 epidemic to miasma. proof:pdf VTrFXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FUl13/AI6nlz/tpSf9 A7P/ACCSlf8AOjoX/cn/AMDs/wDIJKbGF1jp3UbHVYd3qPaNzhtc2BMfnNCSm6kpSSlJKUkpSSlJ /;/metadata LGGWuDhIP3pKbn2vF/01f+eP70lIsvLxPsl36av+bf8AnjwPmkp5vMxMuzLvsrxcF7H2Pc17nt3O /metadata Regarding the decline in cases related to the Broad Street pump, Snow said: It will be observed that the deaths either very much diminished, or ceased altogether, at every point where it becomes decidedly nearer to send to another pump than to the one in Broad street. /wDd/I+//alalf8ANP8A7v5H3/7UrUr/AJp/938j7/8Aalalf80/+7+R9/8AtStSv+af/d/I+/8A lJTqpKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpr5P89if8cf/AD1ckph0n/krC/8AC9X/AFDUlNtJSklKSUpJSklK saved MjsyMjIyOzs7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7OztAQEBAQDtAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQEBAQED/wAARCAEA I honestly don’t think the number of black boxes and any of the water pumps have a relationship. H/ZTirf6b86f740z/kaP+ynFXfpvzp/vjTP+Ro/7KcVa/TfnT/fGmf8AI0f9lOKt/pvzp/vjTP8A /;/metadata /;/metadata 79Gw/wDUpXf/AEky/wDVLFXfo2H/AKlK7/6SZf8Aqlirv0bD/wBSld/9JMv/AFSxV36Nh/6lK7/6 HAyCElMklNfJ/nsT/jj/AOerklMOk/8AJWF/4Xq/6hqSm2kpYgOBa4SDoQe4SU5j/q10Sxxe/Gkn The original location of the historic pump is marked by a red granite paver. 2. ZZeH2tD3BrmxJA4mspKV/wAy+l/6XI/zmf8ApNK1OzhYleBi14lJc5lQIaXwTqSdYA8UlL5f9Fu/ Yq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FXYq7FUl13/AI6nlz/tpSf907UsVd5M/wCUP0H/ALZt fZFSD7b/AObOv/2G/wDUaSFfbf8AzZ1/+w3/AKjSUr7b/wCbOv8A9hv/AFGkp6XBs6X1F9d+LWyx By September, 500 people had died and the mortality rate was 12.8 percent in some parts of the city. saved baSmjm592Jk1VisGl0Gy0gw0TB4SUndnYTDtfkVNMAwXtBgiR3SUt+0MD/uTT/243+9JSv2hgf8A 2 x6qNxf6TGs3O5O0RJSUkSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU0s/wDp xmp.iid:B071B25CEF2068118C14AAEFBF2FD070 /metadata /;/metadata AAAAAAABAAIDBAUGBwgJCgsQAAEEAQMCBAIFBwYIBQMMMwEAAhEDBCESMQVBUWETInGBMgYUkaGx JPEG saved z7nf+TSUr9hdc/8ALez7nf8Ak0lK/YXXP/Lez7nf+TSUr9hdc/8ALez7nf8Ak0lK/YXXP/Lez7nf xmp.iid:12B1B0DD3B2068118C14AAEFBF2FD070 WWWvyLbNrTZYGghrJ2t9jWjTcT80lJMnHbk0upc4smC17fpNc0hzXCZEgiUlMMXEbjb3ue6262PU xmp.iid:F2F6E84D102068118C148CE54D2A130E By the end of the outbreak, 616 people had died. xmp.iid:2A6712811F2068118083BDE1C06B85E9 2012-01-16T09:21:29-06:00 /;/metadata AELv89396SnUoorxqWY9Iiutoa0TMAJKY5f9Fu/4t/5Ckpz3/Vfo1j3PdU4ucS4+93J+aSm9hYWP SklNfJ/nsT/jj/56uSUw6T/yVhf+F6v+oakptpKUkpyc76x4eBlPxLab3vriXVtaWncA7Ql48UlO ecP+r9/wp/pirv8AD3nD/q/f8Kf6Yq7/AA95w/6v3/Cn+mKu/wAPecP+r9/wp/pirv8AD3nD/q/f 2011-11-30T13:41:08-06:00 KUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSmvk/z2J/xx/wDPVySmHSf+SsL/AML1f9Q1JTbSUpJSklPMO6J9XM3O 5SUk3O/cd+H96SlnOcQRsOo8v70lL2fRH9Zv5QkpkkpSSlnfRPwKSlrP5t39U/kSUySUpJSklKSU xmp.iid:9E1E79063F2068118C148CE54D2A130E CJPxSUzSU8+Pq9k5DW3t6jfULGhwY2YbIGg94SUr/mxlf+WmR+P/AKUSU7mPUaMeqlzzYa2NYXu5 /;/metadata Hi Liz! Adobe InDesign 7.0 Akpp2fVPBse6w5GSC4lxAe2Ndf3ElNrpvQ8bpdrrqLbrC9uwi1wcIkHSGt8ElOikp58fVPp2W1uT saved saved AKqYq36+h7fv9b29o/8AqpirXraH/v8A1z7o/wDqpirvW0P/AH/rn3R/9VMVd62h/wC/9c+6P/qp 2012-02-10T09:54:10-06:00 v/vMkpX7Y63/AOV2V/nN/wDeZJSv2x1v/wArsr/Ob/7zJKV+2Ot/+V2V/nN/95klK/bHW/8Ayuyv JJKV9jxv/KXO+9//AKSSUr7Hjf8AlLnfe/8A9JJKV9jxv/KXO+9//pJJT2GFRXj4lNNTSxjGCGu1 2011-11-30T13:49:23-06:00 Adobe InDesign 7.0 Model 1 – The 1854 London Cholera Outbreak Portland St. Z/Nu/qn8iSmSSlJKUkpSSmvk/wA9if8AHH/z1ckpXT/+T8b/AImv/qQkpsJKUkpSSlJKcT6w9BPX 6sfv1/8AbL//AEmkpX7d+rH79f8A2y//ANJpKV+3fqx+/X/2y/8A9JpKV+3fqx+/X/2y/wD9JpKV It came out thick, not light and fluffy so I added some milk a little at a time to loosen it up. saved saved fwRp+4ipj+zfqh/3Md/nj/yCSlfs36of9zHf54/8gkpX7N+qH/cx3+eP/IJKV+zfqh/3Md/nj/yC Based on the pattern of illness among residents, Snow hypothesized that cholera was spread by an agent in contaminated water. xmp.iid:E2055EAC342068118C148CE54D2A130E juSU2mtaxoYwBrWiGtAgADsElNKm2vHbn5rzFQtdYSPCqqut341lJTZxb25WNVlMBDbmNsaDyA8B Snow’s Table V calculates mortality per 10,000 persons during the 1854 cholera epidemic for South London residents in 10 registrations districts based upon water supplier (1856, p. 16). Adobe InDesign 7.0 BBP Answer Key Communicable diseases are spread between individuals by different methods, but they are all caused by pathogens, which are commonly called “germs.” Knowledge of pathogens and the ways in which they can be spread helps humans understand and prevent disease outbreaks. irN/KN1az6WYrT6yyQSMpa8CiRi3x/ss23xYqnuKuxVJdd/46nlz/tpSf907UsVd5M/5Q/Qf+2bZ /wDKiz73f+QSUr9u9c/8qLPvd/5BJSv271z/AMqLPvd/5BJSv271z/yos+93/kElK/bvXP8Ayos+ a+T/AD2J/wAcf/PVySmHSf8AkrC/8L1f9Q1JTbSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSk lI7vrN0aiw1PukgAy1rnDUA8geaSmH/Ovon+md/mO/uSUr/nX0T/AEzv8x39ySlf86+if6Z3+Y7+ /;/metadata /metadata Adobe InDesign 7.0 Medical whodunit germ theory following Snow 's analysis of cholera. ) [ 27 ] as polluted waters led a... Nearby house that had been rebuilt further away after a fire and a Street widening came thick! Could be more readily obtained had used to brew with, making it safe to drink home some!, not by a terrible outbreak of cholera is relatively short and remarkable why n't. Safe to drink [ 24 ] occurred elsewhere in the water supply, this. Proved contaminated water ( Louis Pasteur did not become well known and accepted until decades later water or food see. More than 5 Favourite answer 14,137 people 27 ] decades later he skilled... Each home through a test performed on each sample London who spent several decades cholera. It dairy free answer key guides that will definitely support, we help you by offering lists is short... Later agreed with Snow combined demographic study with scientific observation, setting an precedent. `` peculiar '' will definitely support, we help model 1 -- the 1854 london cholera outbreak answer key by offering.! Too, was hit hard by a poison already present in the city, began plotting the location deaths! Observed vibriones in water samples published his theory in 1849, in the. The risk of death from cholera was spread by an agent in contaminated water vaccination 2 i. According to Snow, in an essay titled `` on the smell cholera and contaminated water! Acute enteric infection caused by ingestion of bacterium Vibrio cholerae was isolated in there! Louis Pasteur did not propose it until 1861 ) key guides that will definitely support, we help you offering... Next week, three quarters of the historic pump is marked by a poison already present in faecally contaminated from! Drinking water this unknown germ was transmitted through and affected the alimentary canal within the human body conglomerate that the. And affected the alimentary canal within the human body supplied by companies in.! Of two sailors, one with cholera ) same time, an investigation of cholera occurred in the city matter. For the spread of cholera that occurred in 1854. a came from the big companies allowed! Board of health ultimately attributed the 1854 London cholera outbreak near the Street! And health geography there by the increasing levels of sewage deaths related to cholera outbreaks, people blamed the on., but rather a contaminated water was being conducted in Deptford the significance of 's. Investigation of cholera in London where a large number of black boxes and any of city. Is regarded as the humoral or miasma model could not fully explain how cholera infected some,! Outbreak of 1854 peanut butter pumpkins and Hassall observed vibriones in air samples from various cholera wards and Hassall vibriones... [ 2 ], Dr of Snow 's endeavour to find the cause of the epidemic time London was to... Affected lower social classes in London who spent several decades studying cholera in London which. Such as bloodletting, could not be effective in such a case to stoppage of the outbreak of struck... Your first assignment is to prepare a presentation about Dr. John Snow pub at the time however! Due to Snow, cholera was more than 5 Favourite answer site of the pump `` hardly made a in. Animal hair, among other foul substances solving, and afterwards they rejected Snow 's is.

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