Cowpea may be used green or as dry fodder. Green Manure Cowpea fixes nitrogen efficiently, with amounts of up to 70 kilograms per hectare per year added to the soil. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. Please consult your doctor before taking any herb. These peas are also used as cattle feed. The tender leaves and young pods are used for preparing nutritious vegetable dishes. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. o West Africa produces more than 84% of the African production o Burkina Faso ranks third country in cowpea production (FAOSTAT, 2014) o Cowpea is the first most important grain legume in Burkina … It is mostly grown in a semi-arid environment and often faces abiotic stresses (e.g., drought and salinity, etc. N/A. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. What is the disease that you are suffering from. Cowpea grain matures earlier than cereals, hence becomes a quick source of cash before the maize, millets and … Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. Growing Cowpeas – A Beginners Guide. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Cow pea is quite high in Iodine. 0. This advice is for educational purpose only. Asparagus growing Information Guide. Lowers Bad Cholesterol Levels: The soluble fibre and the levels of proteins in … Cowpea is a mainstay of school lunches in Ghana. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. Tag: Economic Importance Of Cowpea. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. When used as silage, it can be mixed with sorghum, maize, or molasses to provide sugar for fermentation (FAO, 2012). Cowpeas are very famous in Tamil Nadu, Chennai, India since the people staying in this state use it for making various festival dishes. When fresh, the young leaves, immature pods and peas are used as vegetables, while snacks and main meal dishes are prepared from the dried grain. In the United States, the green seeds … Culinary Uses. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. In Africa, humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature seeds, and the mature dried seeds. ]. The stems, leaves, and vines serve as animal feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. https://herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Cowpea-Cid1742, [Note: You are requested to write correct English only. Cowpeas also called black eyed peas usually cultivated for its edible beans but few grow it as a vegetable. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. Cowpeas are not only versatile and delicious but also important for human health, offering a number of benefits. [6] Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean. Please do not use SMS English, Short Text and Words like hi, hello. The elites of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. [40] Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. And because the crop can be harvested within two months of sowing, it fills the “hunger gap” for poor families between May and August when other crops, such as maize, are still young in the field. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. Why did you take Cow Pea leaf ? Taller, viny types are more vigorous and better suited for use as cover crops. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. George Washingt… [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. [42][43] The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. The penultimate section presents the empirical results and discussion, and Section 4 draws conclusions and describes the implications of the results for policy. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". Abstract Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. 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