This is known with the story when Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek. BURNING OF LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA: A SYMBOL 509 historical reality may have been, our inquiry will address the legendary and symbolic ramifications of the burning in western consciousness. Library fires have happened sporadically through the centuries: notable examples are the destruction of the Library of Alexandria, destruction of Library of Nalanda in India and the accidental burning of the Duchess Anna Amalia Library in Weimar. With the invention of writing, believed to have occurred in Mesopotamia around 3200 B.C., came the need to archive and store collections of texts. The only thing that actually exists today is a basement that’s called seraphim, which is now believed to have not even been at the actual location of the Library of Alexandria itself but an extension of the campus. You see, there are, unfortunately, a tremendous number of widespread misconceptions about what the Library of Alexandria was and what happened to it. Library of Alexandria, the most famous library of Classical antiquity. The burning of the Library of Alexandria ranks among the worst crimes ever committed against humanity. I suppose naming a blog Alexandria Burning could raise a few eyebrows in light of the recent goings-on in Egypt and their call for a change in their government. The library of Alexandria had many names because of its greatness and the number and variety of books it contained, including the royal library of Alexandria, the Grand Library, or the great library of Alexandria. The Greek dynasty of the Ptolemies inherited Egypt from Alexander and ruled the country until Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 30 B.C.E. The oldest is a text written sometime in the 2d century BC. The burning of the Library is just a footnote to that larger story. Library of Alexandria, had the largest collection of book. But how and why it was lost is still a mystery. We don’t even know if the Library of Alexandria was destroyed at all, due to contradictory texts and the absence of archaeological remains. One needs to think of a well-funded scientific institute, concentrating the best scholars of the day. The Library held between 40,000 and 700,000 papyrus rolls, written in Greek. The dream of a universal library may have been impossible at the time, but the Library of Alexandria did surpass all of its rivals as the largest library in existence. To optimize our Worldwide Shipping program, products may be shipped seperately. Image Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli. The basement of the Vatican houses 53 miles of shelf space with very limited access. Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers The Burning of the Library of Alexandria. And by book, one needs to understand it as a papyrus roll. The Lighthouse of Alexandria, as depicted in Kitāb al-Bulhān, the ‘Book of Wonders’, circa 1400, via Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford. The mystery exists not for lack of suspects but from an excess of them. Three wonders, the Library, Alexander, and Cleopatra’s tombs vanished without a trace. The story of the burning of the library of Alexandria is not mentioned by those who wrote the history of Egypt and its conquest, who lived many centuries before those who wrote this story. For colonnades, there is a roof adorned with gold, and the capitals of columns are worked in bronze overlaid with gold. Update your profile pic! They ruled the country from the new capital, Alexandria. However, he didn’t mention burning the library. Caesar wrote of starting the fire in the harbor but neglected to mention the burning of the Library. Its destruction wasn't caused by burning, this is a myth. They were the successors of Alexander the Great, who had invaded Egypt, becoming Pharaoh. By collecting works from around the world, the library attracted renown scholars, making the city of Alexandria the capital of knowledge and learning at the time. The earliest Greek translation of the Old Testament and the Septuagint was written in the city of Alexandria, and possibly inside the Library itself. The conquering general was told by a Christian man of letters of the need to protect books. This is why, for three centuries, the Pharaohs of Egypt were Greek and why the language written in the Library was Greek. A stone inscribed “Dioscorides, 3 volumes.” It is unclear if it was a papyrus box or the base of a statue. But from Julius Caesar to Caracalla, prestigious visitors came to visit Alexander’s tomb. In part, photocopies. The Library of Alexandria is one of the most famous and well-known buildings in the ancient world. The great burning of Antiquity was a mass destruction of signs. The original library branch was located at the royal palace at Alexandria, near the harbor. Images Roman sarcophagus, Pompeii painting and illustration of the Museum. The man who tried to save the books would have been 150 years old. The North-Carolina standard. The building, part of the Royal Quarter of palaces, was instead called the Museum. Old Alexandria is buried deep under today’s Alexandria. A diaspora of Alexandrian scholarship occurred, in which scholars dispersed first throughout the eastern Mediterranean and later throughout the western Mediterranean as well. The fate of that great wealth of books remains provocative and controversial. Not a single stone of the Library building has been found. We do not know if the Serapeum library still existed when the temple was destroyed, but two authors do mention the loss of books. Because it was a shrine to the Muses, called a Mouseion in Greek and a Museum in Latin. See more ideas about Library of alexandria, Book worms, Books. It’s a typical belief that the library of Alexandria was destroyed once, however that's actually false. Dios. And there recently have been claims that Caesar accidentally burned down the library, as there is an effort to hide the brutality of such a praised barbarian as Julius Caesar. It existed for almost seven hundred years. He explained, “when Ptolemy Philadelphus succeeded to the throne he became a seeker after knowledge and a man of some learning. According to ancient sources, the Library of Alexandria was described to have been comprising of a collection of Scrolls, Greek columns, a room for shared dining, a reading room, meeting rooms, Gardens, lecture halls, and essentially the earliest known model of a university campus. Under Roman Catholic Rule, Julius Caesar killed everyone they conquered, this is why many people suggest that perhaps the Vatican archives may have hidden knowledge about what happened to the Library of Alexandria or perhaps even ancient scrolls or copies of ancient scrolls that may have survived the fire. Who Burned Down of the Library of Alexandria? However, the text describing the Museum previously quoted, written 25 years later, doesn’t even mention fire damage. It flourished as a hub for the worlds understandings and information to be gathered together throughout the Greek Ptolemaic Dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship. This huge fire reached the library and caused terrible cultural damage. Credit - Heritage Images/Getty Images. What happened? The immense gap between the myth and the reality, that we know so little of, is difficult to fathom. 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