One hundred grams of milk contains from two to four grams of fat, as well as about three and a half grams of protein. Characteristics: The Jersey ranges in color from light to dark brown, has big eyes and a docile nature.The most heat-tolerant of dairy breeds, she produces milk with very high butterfat content. The amount of protein is 3.4-3.5%. It is possible to use milk ai r shirsky cows, including for the manufacture of baby food. The Brown Swiss cattle is of medium to large in size. There may some shading in the coat, with the forequarters often darker than the hind parts and legs. In Russia, they began to breed them from the end of the 19th century. Ayrshire cows are a large breed used primarily as dairy cows. How to choose a good cow? These animals are generally red and white in color. The cost of an adult animal is 80-100 thousand rubles. The main goal for buying an Ayrshire cow is to get milk. To grow milk-producing cows profitably, proceed as follows: Farmers prefer to breed purebred Ayrshirek - this helps prevent genetic defects. A Commenter on Hello world! Characteristics Details of Ayrshire cow: A normal adult specimen of Ayrshire breed if female weighs between 450 and 550 kg on average and the males weigh up to 830 kg. On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white. Cows of Ayrshire breed are distinguished by unusually high milk content, however, their products have a relatively low fat content. Ayrshires are medium-sized cattle and should weigh over 1200 pounds at maturity. This article will explain why it is convenient and profitable to keep such cows. Unpretentiousness, high milk yield and delicious milk are qualities that quickly made the Ayrshire breed popular all over the world. Typical Breed Characteristics of Ayrshire Cattle: Ayrshires are red and white color, and purebred Ayrshires only produce red and white offspring. Animals that have a goat udder are characterized by low productivity. This breed, without requiring royal conditions, will provide the family with delicious milk, and the farmer will bring considerable profit - due to large and stable milk yield. What are the feed dispensers for cattle farms? The hornless breed is not from birth. The red coloration can vary from very deep to a lighter shade. Ayrshire breed is unpretentious and easily adapts to different content systems. The Ayrshire cow with her combination of dairy quality and very attractive appearance is no doubt the ideal dairy cow for both the commercial farmer and stud breeder of today. Characteristics. Buy a plot of land for a farm, or rent it. Representatives of the breed are rather shy and aggressive, active. An excessively large udder is a minus. In terms of quality indicators, Ayrshireâs milk surpasses the production of Holstein, the leaders of milk production. A distinctive feature of the breed are horns that are turned in different directions. True, they need to ensure walking - they do not like to stand long in one place. Products can be delivered to different points - shops, dairies, supermarkets. However, Ayrshirtsev can be used to cross and increase milk yield of the Holstein , Red Steppe and Simmental breeds. The breeding material was made by indigenous cows, which local farmers crossed with bulls of the Dutch, Tisquater and Alderney breeds. The bones are thin, the back is wide and straight, the body is short and proportionate. In order to prevent calves, they are also vaccinated against smallpox, foot and mouth disease, rabies, and brucellosis. Mission & Vision. You can also get meat from gobies and cows. However, other pathologies associated with content errors may develop. Many even refuse to breed âScotchâ because of their troubled nature. The nuances of the equipment of sheds for cows: Ayrshirks hastened - bring the first calf in 24 months. Duration of milking per year is 305 days. Ayrshire Cow Productivity characteristics make Ayrshireans the most profitable breed for breeding in the dairy industry. Easily adapt to different climatic conditions. The walls and floor in such a room should be well insulated and protected from cold air. juicy food - beets, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes. The price of an adult starts from 100 thousand rubles. Today's modern Ayrshire cow has an ideal make-up to be able to compete with all breeds in all conditions. Burenka, after calving, is given 4-5 times daily. In the diet, you must enter: On the content of Ayrshire cows, see the video below: An approximate daily diet of a cow weighing 500 kg is shown in table 1. Having evaluated the bulls received from the ancestor, the best ones are selected. But they are not immune from pathologies that may appear due to violation of the rules of detention: For the prevention of young individuals vaccinated against: Ayrshirek is appreciated and loved by farmers all over the world. The color markings vary from nearly all red to nearly all white. Today, the breed is willingly grown by farms in Russia. This breed belongs to milk productivity: Fat of Ayrshire milk is from 2.3 to 4.2%. All about leukemia in cows: ways of infection, signs and what is the danger? After evaluating the quality of the offspring, they are looking for the ideal ancestor - the lineage creator. To master the knowledge of breeding, keeping and feeding cows in summer and winter. At the same time, it began its wide distribution. Fun Facts: – The Ayrshire breed were known for their long horns however, they are removed today as they are not practical – This specific breed can sleep while standing – Ayrshire cows are capable of chewing 50 times per minute The line of bulls is called males, which not only belong to the same breed, but also descended from the same producer. Size:Medium sized, weighs over 1,200 pounds at maturity. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS; The Ayrshire cattle breed is one that does particularly well in cattle shows. Ayrshirets were brought to Russia at the end of the 19th century from Finland. For maintenance, it is best to purchase young animals so that there is an opportunity to raise them and accustom them to quiet milking. Go on a field trip or road trip and see if you can find farms with Ayrshire cattle. The breeding range is concentrated mainly in the western regions of the Russian Federation. Although Ayrshire people are hardy, in winter they need to pay special attention to providing favorable conditions of detention - temperature at + 15 ... + 17 Â° C, no drafts, good ventilation. IT PPZ "Change" (Moscow region, Sergiev Posad district). The American Ayrshire Breeders Association was formed in 1895, and the breed’s numbers grew dramatically after 1900. Build a stall. Average milk yield - 4,000 liters per lactation. However, it is not known for certain which breeds took part in the selection. 4. For tethered keeping Ayrshire cattle enough equipment wooden shed with stalls. Federal State Institution âNovoladozhskyâ (Leningrad Region, Volkhovsky District). The largest population of Ayrshire breed is in Finland and has about 140,000 animals. The breed belongs to cattle of medium size. Breeding Ayrshirek can give real income if, after calculating everything, organize rhythmic production. With purebred breeding of cows and gobies, serious defects and negative features are practically absent. Selection criteria, review of the best breeds, signs, Romanovskaya breed of sheep - its characteristics and photos, All about the breed of rabbits Gray Giant. Find out reliable places to sell products. Take pictures of what you thought were Ayrshire cattle, and compare them with pictures … Buy young animals. per year. This material will tell about the diet of feeding cows. The typical Ayrshire cow is an alert vigorous animal showing strong character and mild temperament. The Ayrshire breed is the golden mean between the Jersey breed of cows rare in Russia and the Holsteins. Ayrshire cows can feed up to 7,000 liters of milk per year. This method is generally less costly. Color:White and a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. Holstein, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Ayrshire, and Red and White Holstein are the seven common breeds in the United States. Ayrshire gobies and cows are unpretentious in care and feeding. They are strong, rugged cattle that adapt to all management systems including group handling on dairy farms with free stalls and milking parlors. Adults can bring up to eight thousand kilograms of product annually, almost without losing positive characteristics over the years. To increase milk productivity, livestock breeders often cross Ayrshire bulls with cows of different breeds - Holstein, red steppe, and Simmental. Ayrshire cattle are highly adaptable to numerous different management systems, have excellent udder conformation and are generally free from most foot and leg problems. More information about feeding rules for dairy cows is here . Usually, the male Ayrshire cows are heavier than the female ones, with the body weight that ranges from 1,400 lbs to 1,984 lbs (635 kg to 900 kg). Ayrshire cow: breed characteristics and maintenance rules. In this case, the yield of pure meat can be more than fifty percent. Some difficulties in keeping cows at home can be caused by their restless disposition. The creators of this cartoon, perhaps without thinking about it, fully reflected the characteristics of this breed of cows. The Ayrshire Society of South Africa is dedicated to the well-being of its members and shall provide them with leadership and knowledge to ensure individual and collective growth and development in the Ayrshire world. It is also important to remember that closely related relationships are inadmissible in this case. Ayrshires excel in udder conformation and are not subject to excessive foot and leg problems. For high milk yield and high-quality milk, they are ready to forgive them the vagaries and cool temper. However, it is important to first examine the quality of the purchased material and pay attention to reviews about suppliers. The animals were obtained by crossing local Scottish cattle with Aldrey, Teeswaters and Dutch. 1 (Moscow region, Odintsovo district). In this case, for the implementation of mating, you must choose a good bull. The meat productivity of the breed is satisfactory. And in the 20th century, the triumphal procession of ayrshirs around the world began. Ayrshire cows are deservedly among the leaders of dairy productivity. Differ in complexity of character. To increase milk yield, special feeding is not required, however, additives to improve fat content are allowed. These cows are aggressive and extremely shy at the same time. Breeds of cows are divided into dairy, meat, dairy and meat. Ayrshire cows are bred in countries with a wide variety of climates, from northern Finland to southern Africa and Colombia. However, hay for the winter to choose only good quality. There is no discrimination or registry restriction on color patterns for Ayrshires. Ayrshires have alert and active dispositions, and the breed is considered the most stylish of the dairy cattle. Often it is fear that provokes their aggression. The ancestor is given to breed. This breed is considered a medium-bodied dairy animal, reaching up to 1,200 pounds at maturity. Pedigree farms breeding Ayrshire cows: Ayrshire breed, distinguished by good health, is resistant to ordinary cow diseases. The rooms should be light, so it is recommended to install a light bulb. Cattle are white with dark red or reddish brown spots and speckles. Ideal raw material for the production of cheese and butter. 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